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And it's also worth pointing out that many of these reform efforts started under the Obama Administration. The Trump Administration (and in particular Scott Pace) get credit for providing more emphasis and pushing through on the implementation, but there's still a lot left to do. For example, none of the SPD-2 efforts fix the oversight "gap" presented by new commercial activities such as private space station, lunar rovers, and satellite servicing. The Obama Administration proposed a "mission authorization" concept but implementing that has been caught up in all the debate over space traffic management and Commerce vs Transportation: https://obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/sites/defaul...
The Clinton Administration saw an opportunity to create broader Congressional support to fund what was originally Space Station Freedom by adding a foreign policy/security rationale. By bringing in Russia as a partner they were able to sell the ISS as a way to build a better relationship with Russia, keep Russian scientists and engineers productively employed instead of building weapons for the highest bidder, and give Russia a reason to stop proliferating missile technology. See this testimony from Marcia Smith: https://history.nasa.gov/isstestimony2001.pdf
All of that ended up working out very well for building the current US-Russia relationship, but it only really exists in the context of the ISS program. And while the ISS is still going on, many of those underlying drivers and rationales have changed.
So I think the US-Russia space cooperation will last for as long as the ISS does and the relationship is likely to be much different post-ISS.
I was thinking about turning into an article but you beat me to it! For me this shows just how wrong the claims are about how space was never contested before and how all this thinking about space warfighting and doctrine is completely new. Obviously various parts of the US government and DOD have thought about this stuff a lot in the past, and it seems we've done more forgetting about history than learning from it.
"Pursuant to Article IV of the Treaty, that freedom is not unrestricted, and does not allow nations to place nuclear weapons or weapons of mass destruction in orbit or elsewhere in outer space, nor to establish military bases, test any kind of weapon, or conduct military maneuvers, especially on the Moon and celestial bodies."
The prohibition on military bases, testing, and maneuvers ONLY applies to the Moon and other celestial bodies. It does not apply to outer space itself.